BIOLOGY (BIOL)

UNDERGRADUATE COURSES

BIOL 100 Principles of Biology 3(3-0)
Introduction to basic principles common to all facets of biology. Topics include a brief history of biology, the scientific method, the diversity of life, cell structure and reproduction, and metabolism. (F,S)

BIOL 100L Principles of Biology Lab 1(0-2)
To expose the student to problem-solving skills emphasizing the importance of observation and data accumulation. Corequisite: BIOL 100. (F,S)

BIOL 112 Nutrition 3(3-0)
Analysis of personal dietary habits and behavior in relation to basic human nutritional needs and food composition. (CE,F,S)

BIOL 121 Environmental Conservation 3(3-0)
Historical review of humankind’s interrelationship with and impact on the natural environment. Basic principles of ecology and current issues relating to the use of natural resources and environmental problems. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 121L Environmental Conservation Lab 1(0-2)
Optional field studies to augment BIOL 121. Corequisite: BIOL 121. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 171 Career Planning I 1(1-0)
Identifying career options and creating a personalized educational program. (F,S)

BIOL 191 College Biology I/Botany 3(3-0)
Basic cell structure and function, reproduction, and heredity. Study of structure, function, evolution, biodiversity, and ecology of plants, including fungi. Prerequisites: one year high school algebra or equivalent, and one year high school chemistry or equivalent, and one year high school biology or equivalent. Corequisite: BIOL 191L. (F,S)

BIOL 191L College Biology I/Botany Laboratory 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 191. (F,S)

BIOL 192 College Biology II/Zoology 3(3-0)
Continuation of BIOL 191. Study of structure, function, evolution, biodiversity, and ecology of vertebrates and invertebrates, including protozoans. Corequisite: BIOL 192L. (F,S)

BIOL 192L College Biology II/Zoology Laboratory 2(0-4)
Prerequisites: BIOL 191 and BIOL 191L. Corequisite: BIOL 192. (F,S)

BIOL 206 Introduction to Microbiology 3(3-0)
For students of nursing and allied health. Applied aspects of medical microbiology. Corequisite: BIOL 206L. (F)

BIOL 206L Introduction to Microbiology Lab 1(0-3)
Corequisite: BIOL 206. (F)

BIOL 212 Introduction of Cell Biology 2(2-0)
Cell structure and function, including reproduction, metabolism, molecular biology and cell specialization. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L, 192/192L, CHEM 121/121L and 122/122L. Corequisite: BIOL 212L. (F,S)

BIOL 2l2L Introduction to Cell Biology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 212. (F,S)

BIOL 220 Medical Terminology 2(2-0)
Basic prefixes, word roots, combining forms and suffixes of medical terminology and human anatomy are covered, including pronunciation and patient charting. (S)

BIOL 223 Human Physiology and Anatomy I 3(3-0)
Study of human physiology and anatomy designed for students who require or desire a thorough understanding of the functional and structural aspects of the human body. Not for the majority of biology majors except Teacher Education. Topics include body orientation, physiologically important molecules, the cell, tissues, integument, skeleton, muscle, nervous system, and special senses. Prerequisites: one year of High School Biology and Chemistry (now required); or BIOL 100/100L. Corequisite: BIOL 223L. (F)

BIOL 223L Human Physiology and Anatomy I Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 223. (F)

BIOL 224 Human Physiology and Anatomy II 3(3-0)
A continuation of BIOL 223. Students are permitted to enter the course before completing BIOL 223. Topics include endocrines, respiration, digestion, metabolism, excretion, fluid-electrolyte balance, cardiovascular, and reproduction. Prerequisites: one year of High School Biology and Chemistry (now required); or BIOL 100/100L. Corequisite: BIOL 224L. (S)

BIOL 224L Human Physiology and Anatomy II Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 224. (S)

BIOL 291 Special Topics (1-4 VAR) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 292 Research (1-3 VAR)
Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits, total. Prerequisite: approval of department chair. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 294 Field Experience (1-4 VAR)
Volunteer work experience under program director, department coordinator and faculty supervisor. (S/U grading) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 301 General Microbiology 3(3-0)
Introduction to the bacteria and viruses, including microbial genetics and physiology. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L, 192/192L, and 212/212L, and CHEM 301/301L. CHEM 302/302L and MATH 221 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 301L. (F)

BIOL 301L General Microbiology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 301. (F)

BIOL 302 Medical Microbiology 2(2-0)
Survey of pathogenic bacteria, viruses and fungi Prerequisite: BIOL 301 or permission of the instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 302L. (S/O)

BIOL 302L Medical Microbiology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 302. (S/O)

BIOL 311 Survey of Biochemistry 3(3-0)
Survey of biochemistry. For pre-health professional students. Intermediary metabolism is taught at an intermediate level and in the context of human nutrition and clinical applications. Prerequisites: CHEM 211 or 301. (F)

BIOL 321 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 3(3-0)
Comparative study of developmental and functional anatomy of vertebrate animals. Prerequisites: BIOL 191 and BIOL 192, or BIOL 202 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 324L. (S)

BIOL 321L Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 321. (S)

BIOL 341 Vertebrate Physiology 3(3-0)
Basic general physiology and the functions of animal and human body systems. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L, 192/192L, and 212/212L, and CHEM 301/301L. CHEM 302/302L and MATH 156 are strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 341L. (F)

BIOL 341L Vertebrate Physiology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 341. (F)

BIOL 350 Mendelian and Population Genetics 2(2-0)
Survey of basic Mendelian genetics, genetic mapping and population genetics. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L, BIOL 192/192L and MATH 121. Also strongly recommended MATH 156. (F,S)

BIOL 351 Molecular Biology and Genetics 2(2-0)
Study of the molecular flow of genetic information, gene regulation and cancer genetics. Prerequisites: BIOL 212/212L and either 301/301L or BIOL 350; and CHEM 121/121L and CHEM 122/122L. (F,S)

BIOL 351L Advanced Genetics and Molecular Biology Laboratory 2(0-4)
Molecular biology investigations of gene regulation and recombinant DNA. Prerequisites: BIOL 350 and CHEM 121/121L and CHEM 122/122L. Corequisite: BIOL 351. (S)

BIOL 352 Evolutionary Biology and Ecology 3(3-0)
Historical view of the theory of evolution with emphasis on the relationship between organisms and the environment, and the mechanisms and forces that produce evolutionary change. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L. BIOL 350 recommended. (S)

BIOL 378 Laboratory in Teaching Biology 1(0-2)
Laboratory preparation, safety, instruction and methods under the guidance and supervision on an instructor. Prerequisite: approval of instructor. (F,S)

BIOL 392 Research (1-3 VAR)
Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits, total. Prerequisite: approval of department chair. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 394 Field Experience (1-4 VAR)
Volunteer work experience under program director, program coordinator, and faculty supervisor (S/U grading) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 402 Immunology 3(3-0)
Humoral and cell-mediated immunity including immune disorders and theories of immunological techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL 301/301L. (S/E)

BIOL 403 Virology 2(2-0)
Molecular aspects of viral infection of bacteria, plants, and animals including viral replication, host range, host defenses, antiviral drugs, and viral ecology. Prerequisites: BIOL 301 and 301L, or BIOL 351. (F/E)

BIOL 411 Biochemistry I 3(3-0)
Chemistry of constituents of living matter, including proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and lipids. An introduction to enzymes and coenzymes. Prerequisite: CHEM 302, or permission of instructor. (F)

BIOL 412 Cellular Biology 3(3-0)
Structural and functional organization of the cell, life cycles of cells, intracellular digestion, protein synthesis and cell death. Prerequisites: CHEM 301/301L and either BIOL 301/301L or both BIOL 350 and 351. CHEM 302/302L is strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 412L. (S)
BIOL 412L Cellular Biology Lab 1(0-3)
Corequisite: BIOL 412. (S)

BIOL 421 Histology 2(2-0)
A microscopic study of vertebrate tissues and organs. Prerequisites: BIOL 192/192L or BIOL 223/223L or BIOL 321/321L. Corequisite: BIOL 421L. (S/O)

BIOL 421L Histology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 421. (S/O)

BIOL 426 Plant Morphology 2(2-0)
Forms, basic structures, relationships, life histories and evolutionary trends of representatives of the major autotrophic plant groups. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 426L. (S/E)

BIOL 426L Plant Morphology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 426. (S/E)

BIOL 432 Developmental Biology 2(2-0)
Theory and principles of the development of representative vertebrate and invertebrate animals, with particular emphasis on the frog, chick, and Drosophila. Prerequisites: BIOL 212/212L, BIOL 350 and BIOL 351 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: 432L. (S/E)

BIOL 432L Developmental Biology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 432. (S/E)

BIOL 440 Molecular Genetics 2(2-0)
Molecular and Biochemical basis of heredity. Regulation of gene expression. Prerequisites: BIOL 351 and 351L, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 440L. (S)

BIOL 440L Molecular Genetics Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 440 (S)

BIOL 441 Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology 2(2-0)
Classification, phylogeny, systematics, morphology, physiology, and natural history of freshwater invertebrates inclusive of insects. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 441L. (S/O)

BIOL 441L Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 441. (S/O)

BIOL 443 Limnology 2(2-0)
Biology, chemistry and physics of lakes and rivers. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 443L. (S/E)

BIOL 443L Limnology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 443 (S/E)

BIOL 450 Survey of Genomics and Bioinformatics 2(2-0)
Theory and practice of genome analysis including use of statistics, databases and biomolecular sequence analysis software. Prerequisites: BIOL 351, and MATH 156 or MATH 356, or permission of instructor. (F/O)

BIOL 450L Survey of Genomics and Bioinformatics Lab 1(0-2)
Prerequisites: BIOL 351, and MATH 156 or MATH 356. Corequisite: BIOL 450. (F/O)

BIOL 452 Advanced Microscopy 2(2-0)
Theory and application of microscopy to the biological sciences. Includes preparation of cells and tissues for examination, scope, operation, and image analysis. Prerequisites: BIOL 212/L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 452L (F/E)

BIOL 452L Advanced Microscopy Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 452. (F/E)

BIOL 453 Ecology 2(2-0)
Interrelationships among organisms and their environment, employing quantitative methods and conceptual models. Prerequisites: BIOL 352 and MATH 126 or MATH 221, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 453L. (F/E)

BIOL 453L Ecology Field Studies 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 453. (F/E)

BIOL 462 Environmental Management 3(3-0)
Scientific basis of environmental regulations applied to air/water quality, solid waste, and hazardous waste; technologies and procedures used by generators to achieve compliance. Prerequisites: BIOL 352 or permission of instructor. (S/O)

BIOL 465 Environmental Toxicology 3(3-0)
Basic principles of toxicology, interaction of xenobiotics with living organisms and the environment, and the impact of pollutants on the ecosystem. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and CHEM 302/302L, or permission of instructor. (S/E)

BIOL 473 Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation I 12(5-14)
Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: consent of instructor. (F)

BIOL 474 Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation II 12(5-14)
Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: BIOL 473 and consent of instructor. (S)

BIOL 475 Med. Tech. Clinical Rotation III 6(3-6)
Coursework and clinical training in an affiliated medical laboratory sciences facility. Specific course of study determined by facility. Prerequisite: BIOL 474 and consent of instructor. (SS)

BIOL 479 Ichthyology 2(2-0)
The morphology, taxonomy and ecology of fishes; an introduction to fishery biology and aquaculture. Field trips are an integral part of the course. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 479L. (F/O)

BIOL 479L Ichthyology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 479. (F/O)

BIOL 481 Entomology 2(2-0)
Evolutionary biology and management of insects. Impact of arthropods on the balance of nature. Medical and veterinary entomology. Arthropods as vectors of human and animal diseases. Prerequisites: BIOL 192 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 481L. or permission of instructor. (F/O)

BIOL 481L Entomology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 481. (F/O)

BIOL 483 Mammalogy 2(2-0)
Evolution, classification and biology of mam mals; practice in identifying and preparing specimens. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 483L. (S/E)

BIOL 483L Mammalogy Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 483. (S/E)

BIOL 484 Ornithology 2(2-0)
Classification, life history, laboratory and field identification of birds. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 484L. (S/O)

BIOL 484L Ornithology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 484. (S/O)

BIOL 485 Plant Taxonomy 2(2-0)
Identification of the common vascular plant families of Colorado with an emphasis on the flowering plants; study of their systematic relationships. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and 192/192L, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 485L. (F)

BIOL 485L Plant Taxonomy Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 485. (F)

BIOL 491 Special Topics (1-4 VAR) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 492 Research (1-3 VAR)
Faculty directed research project for undergraduate student. May be repeated for a maximum of 3 credits, total. Prerequisite: approval of department chair. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 493 Seminar 1(1-0)
Seminar for majors and minors concerning unique, current, or unusual topics in biology. Speakers may include guests, faculty, or students. Required of majors. Prerequisite: senior standing in program. (F,S)

BIOL 494 Field Experience (1-4 VAR)
Volunteer work experience under program director, program coordinator and faculty supervisor. (S/U grading). (F,S,SS)

BIOL 495 Independent Study (1-4 VAR)
Prerequisite: junior standing, biology major, permission of instructor and department. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 498 Internship (5-15 VAR)

Measurement and control of air pollution

Noise and the environment

Industrial hygiene and accident prevention

Milk and food sanitation

Water and waste-water sanitation

Housing and institutional environmental health

Solid waste management

(S/U grading) Prerequisite: permission of department. (F,S,SS)

GRADUATE COURSES

Admission to graduate courses requires approval of the adviser for the graduate program.

BIOL 502 Immunology 3(3-0)
Humoral and cell-mediated immunity including immune disorders and theories of immunological techniques. (S/E)

BIOL 503 Virology 2(2-0)
Molecular aspects of viral infection of bacteria, plants, and animals including viral replication, host range, host defenses, antiviral drugs, and viral ecology. Prerequisites: BIOL 301/301L or BIOL 351 or permission of instructor. (F/E)

BIOL 511 Biochemistry I 3(3-0)
Chemistry of constituents of living matter, including proteins, carbohydrates, nucleic acid and lipids. An introduction to enzymes and coenzymes. Prerequisite: one year undergraduate Organic Chemistry. (F)

BIOL 512 Cellular Biology 3(3-0)
Structural and functional organization of the cell, life cycles of cells, intracellular digestion, protein synthesis and cell death. Prerequisites: CHEM 301/301L and either BIOL 301/301L or both BIOL 350 and 351. CHEM 302/302L is strongly recommended. Corequisite: BIOL 512L. (S)

BIOL 512L Cellular Biology Lab 1(0-3)
Corequisite: BIOL 512 (S)

BIOL 521 Histology 2(2-0)
A microscopic study of vertebrate tissues and organs. Prerequisites: BIOL 192/192L or BIOL 223/223L or BIOL 321/321L. Corequisite: BIOL 521L. (S/O)

BIOL 521L Histology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 521. (S/O)

BIOL 526 Plant Morphology 2(2-0)
Forms, basic structures, relationships, life histories and evolutionary trends of representatives of the major autotrophic plant groups. Corequisite: BIOL 526L. (S/E)

BIOL 526L Plant Morphology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 526. (S/E)

BIOL 532 Developmental Biology (2-0)
Theory and principles of the development of representative vertebrate and invertebrate animals, with particular emphasis on the frog, chick, and Drosophila. Prerequisites: BIOL 212/212L, BIOL 350 and BIOL 351 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 532L. (S/E)

BIOL 532L Developmental Biology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 532. (S/E)

BIOL 540 Molecular Genetics 2(2-0)
Molecular and biochemical basis of heredity. Regulation of gene expression. Prerequisite: BIOL 351 and 351L or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 540L. (S)

BIOL 540L Molecular Genetics Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 540. (S)

BIOL 541 Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology 2(2-0)
Classification, phylogeny, systematics, morphology, physiology, and natural history of freshwater invertebrates inclusive of insects. Corequisite: BIOL 541L. (S/O)

BIOL 541L Freshwater Invertebrate Zoology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 541. (S/O)

BIOL 543 Limnology 2(2-0)
Biology, chemistry, and physics of lakes and rivers. Corequisite: BIOL 543L. (S/E)

BIOL 543L Limnology Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 543. (S/E)

BIOL 550 Survey of Genomics and Bioinformatics 2(2-0)
Theory and practice of genome analysis including use of statistics, databases and biomolecular sequence analysis software. Prerequisites: BIOL 351, and MATH 156 or MATH 356 or MATH 550, or permission of instructor. (F/O)

BIOL 550L Survey of Genomics and Bioinformatics Lab 1(0-2)
Prerequisites: BIOL 351, and MATH 156 or MATH 356. Corequisite: BIOL 550. (F/O)

BIOL 552 Advanced Microscopy 2(2-0)
Theory and application of microscopy to the biological sciences. Includes preparation of cells and tissues for examination, scope operation, and image analysis. Corequisite: BIOL 552L. (F/E)

BIOL 552L Advanced Microscopy Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 552. (F/E)

BIOL 553 Ecology 2(2-0)
Interrelationships among organisms and their environment, employing quantitative methods and conceptual models. Prerequisites: BIOL 352, and MATH 126 or MATH 221, or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 553L. (F/E)

BIOL 553L Ecology Field Studies 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 553. (F/E)

BIOL 562 Environmental Management 3(3-0)
Scientific basis of environmental regulations applied to air/water quality, solid waste, and hazardous waste; technologies and procedures used by generators to achieve compliance. Prerequisites: BIOL 352 or equivalent. (S/O)

BIOL 565 Environmental Toxicology 3(3-0)
Basic principles of toxicology, interaction of the xenobiotics with living organisms and the environment, and the impact of pollutants on the ecosystem. Prerequisites: BIOL 191/191L and CHEM 302/302L or permission of instructor. (S/E)

BIOL 578 Practicum in Laboratory Instruction 1(0-2)
Laboratory preparation, instruction, and methods under the guidance and supervision of a professor. May be repeated for a maximum of 4 credits. Prerequisites: graduate standing or permission of department chair. (S/U grading) (F,S)

BIOL 579 Ichthyology 2(2-0)
The morphology, taxonomy and ecology of fishes; an introduction to fishery biology and aquaculture. Field trips are an integral part of the course. Corequisite: BIOL 579. (F/O)

BIOL 579 Ichthyology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 579. (F/O)

BIOL 581 Entomology 2(2-0)
Evolutionary biology and management of insects. Impact of arthropods on the balance of nature. Medical and veterinary entomology. Arthropods as vectors of human and animal diseases. Prerequisites: BIOL 192 or permission of instructor. Corequisite: BIOL 581L or permission of instructor. (F/O)

BIOL 581L Entomology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 581. (F/O)

BIOL 583 Mammalogy 2(2-0)
Evolution, classification and biology of mammals; practice in identifying and preparing specimens. Corequisite: BIOL 583L. (S/E)

BIOL 583 Mammalogy Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 583 (S/E)

BIOL 584 Ornithology 2(2-0)
Classification, life history, laboratory and field identification of birds. Corequisite: BIOL 584L. (S/O)

BIOL 584L Ornithology Lab 1(0-2)
Corequisite: BIOL 584. (S/O)

BIOL 585 Plant Taxonomy 2(2-0)
Identification of common vascular plant families of Colorado with an emphasis on the flowering plants; study of their systematic relationships. Corequisite: BIOL 585L. (F)

BIOL 585L Plant Taxonomy Lab 2(0-4)
Corequisite: BIOL 585. (F)

BIOL 591 Special Topics (1-4 VAR) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 595 Independent Study (1-4 VAR)
Prerequisite: graduate standing, biology major, permission of instructor and department. (F,S,SS)

BIOL 598 Graduate Internship (1-4 VAR)
Volunteer or paid work experience under the combined supervision of the selected organization and a faculty member. Prerequisite: graduate standing. (S/U grading) (F,S,SS)

BIOL 599 Thesis Research (1-6 VAR)
(IP and S/U grading). (F,S,SS)